Apart from the Permanent Settlement, there were other kinds of land revenue system under the British in India. These were the Ryotwari and the Mahalwari. The Mahalwari was a revenue collection system that was introduced by Holt Mackenzie in British was one of the three major land tenure systems. The Mahalwari system was one of the three major land revenue settlements of British colonial India introduced under the administration of East India Company.

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Thank you for your feedback. Please mention the consequences of all three. Land was one of the most important source of income for the British. They were — Zaminidari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari. They realized that the result of the Regulation of was nothing other than widespread misery.

What type of land revenue is collected by district collector? India, country that occupies the greater part of South Asia. It also introduced the fixation of the average rents for different classes of soil. If a zamindar held the whole estate, the settlement was with him; otherwise, payment was exacted from individual cultivators.

Land Revenue Systems in British India: However, the British officers hardly cared of these rules. Contact our editors with your feedback. The System of Land Revenue acted as a chief source of income of the British. Land reforms in India is discussed in detail in the highlighted link.

Democracy, literally, rule by the people. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. EEC is the owner of the land. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Fiscal policy, measures employed by governments to stabilize the economy, specifically by manipulating the levels and allocations of taxes and government expenditures.


Education, discipline that is concerned with methods of teaching mahakwari learning in schools or school-like…. The usual goals of both fiscal and….

The amount, payable by the cultivators was quite more than what they could afford. Thanks for pointing out the typo.

Mahalwari system | India |

NCERT class 12, History part 3 book says that maualwari per the definition in Permanent settlement, Zamindar was not a land owner in the village but a revenue collector Pg. Taxes are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to aystem revenue for government expenditures, although they serve other purposes as well. Along with the village communities, the landlords were jointly responsible for the payment of the revenues.

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Thank You for Your Contribution! Comments Warren Hastings in ? Thankyouit really helped me a lot. Land Revenue Systems Before British Rule Tax from the land was a major source of revenue for the kings and emperors from ancient times.

The Journal of Asian Studies. Contactus Work with us Advertise with us Contact Us. Macroeconomics, study of the behaviour of a maahalwari or regional economy as a whole. Thank you, really good very useful. A good website for history project. The government of William Bentinck made a thorough revision of the act ofand thus the Mahalwari System was introduced.

The village headman or Lambardar was completely responsible for all the recommendations, the survey of lands, preparation of the records of rights in lands, settlement of the land revenues, demand in the Mahals, and the collection of the land revenue.


The meanings attached to it were various. The north-western states and Awadh also known as Oudh were two important territories acquired by the British in India. However, here it is mentioned Zamindars were recognized as owner of the lands. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

The word Mahalwari is derived from the Hindi word Mahalwhich means house, district, neighbourhood or quarter.

Zamindars made peasants cultivate the land, in-return collected part of their revenue as tax. Land was one of the most important source of income for the British. But why they introduced different types of land revenue system in different part??

Mahalwari systemone of the three main revenue systems of land tenure in British Indiathe other two being the zamindar landlord and the ryotwari individual cultivator.

What is “mahalwari”

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of The land included under this system consisted of all land of the villages, even the majalwari, pastures etc. It was William Bentick. This created widespread discontent among the Indians. Mahalwari system was introduced by Holt Mackenzie. Your contribution may be further edited by mahalwar staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

Views Read Edit View history. The land included under this system consisted of all land of the villages, even the forestland, pastures etc.