O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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To summarize these characteristics, we applied factor analysis sanaemento R, which analyzes a group of variables to identify its latent dimensions. August 19, ; Accepted: In total, the factors explain To do this, it will be necessary to monitor the sanitation situation in municipalities to determine the dimensions of the effort and resources necessary.
Lei n o Of the 16 attributes, the data selection managed to include only eight of them, and some of them only partially. Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to snaeamento the possibility of this type of usage. Elaborated by the authors.
Indicadores de saneamento: uma análise de variáveis para elaboração de indicadores municipais
In terms sanwamento limitations, we can cite 1445 lack of available data for all of the municipalities, the reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing municipalities based on profiles, and the aggregation of data which has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
In Brazil there are roughly 3. R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants.
Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness.
The FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities. Introduction In Brazil there are roughly 3.
The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values. Qualitative research provides more profound research about a given situation Cooper and Schindler,and this is why we have applied it in order to understand the components and attributes of sanitation. The objectives of the FA were: In terms of its contributions, this study offers: The justification for this factor score is that it is computed based on the factor weights of all of the variables that make up a factor, avoiding a repetition of information.
To accomplish this, we used 83 metric variables, and 9 dichotomic variables related to urban drainage which has a scarcity of data. The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0. This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
In this sense, it seeks to represent these municipalities by typology in a table format for the initial interpretation by placing each municipality saneameto the group that it belongs to. After these tests, we used an octagonal rotation using the Varimax method to interpret the solution.
Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi For the municipality groupings, we have adopted the city typology as suggested by Meijering, Kern and Tobiavoiding the comparison of municipalities that have different characteristics. Thematic content analysis of the Sanitation Law confirmed four components: There is also a sanitation ranking initiative that has been undertaken by the government of India.
Saneamento no Brasil
In terms of universalization, the SNIS is still not able to furnish information about sanitation in the rural and peripheral areas discussed in the study conducted by Schneider and collaborators A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India. By monitoring sanitation in the municipalities, public administration can plan specific actions, establish performance and quality metrics, and orient public policies.
To aggregate dw factor scores by geometric average, we had to normalize the factor scores to avoid negative values. The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2. Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, Furthermore, the study of Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators.