Madrid: Alianza. (). 8. Arias, F.: “El Proyecto de Investigación. Introducción a la metodología científica”. 5ta. Fidias G. Arias Odón. (). 9. FIDIAS, Arias. (). El Proyecto de Investigación: Introducción a la Metodología Científica. (5ª e.d.). Caracas, Venezuela: EPISTEME. El Proyecto De Investigacion [Fidias Arias] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Sixth, different kinds of expertise and resources will be needed to develop an effective assessment and recognition system.

Work on the first set of European Investigzcion on validation of non- formal and informal learning was also started Cedefop Rubensson has argued that the Communication clearly places a major emphasis on informal learning and gives the individual significant responsibility in the management of their learning history.

The adoption of the Recommendation is thus not an isolated initiative at European level, but reflects a changing political and economic reality requiring responses at national level. Dise-o de lnvestigacion esquema de compensacion en ecosistemas acuaticos con interrupcion transversal del cauce, estudio de caso Rio Rancheria.

Finally, some conclusions from the study this far are drawn. Second, quality assurance concerns the standards to which the evidence of learning is compared. In particular, the Europass CV is explicitly focused on the identification and documentation of learning outcomes in different contexts, including those acquired through non-formal and informal learning. Validating the skills of refugees and immigrants as part of educational and professional guidance is key to their integration into the workforce and society.

Traditionally, assessment has been based on requirements of, and expected performance in formal education and training. Email the author Login required. In Portugal, professionalization is sought through the sharing of practices, knowledge and experiences among teachers and trainers who carry out adult learning programmes and undertake validation assessments. Inveztigacion players are also key players in assuring quality in RVA procedures and processes. Some of the six regional accreditation commissions located across the country have issued policies and guidelines on PLA that allow for varying degrees of institutional flexibility.

Vocational Education and training in Times of Economic Crisis: This perspective begins from an intention to give recognition to individual knowledge and skills that have been developed in varying ways, and in different contexts, thus probably lroyecto i spe ifi p a ti es. They also introduce solutions to enhance pedagogical arisa to meet the needs of the changing worlds of work. Fo thethe e a e th ee stages i the poli p o ess: Nowadays, flexible, continuous and more adaptive learning is required to keep people ia le o toda s la ou a ket.

Vocational training has a low status. Stratification is related to issues of tracking, the differentiation and separation of general and vocational education, and the different routes to education and training in a system depending on access, selection and transition mechanisms Allmendigner,p. Jeanette Leth reports on the experiences of validating prior learning as seen from stude ts su je ti e pe spe ti es i De a k.


The core factors do not indicate at the operational level how RVA should be implemented, but make up the framework for organizing RVA at the local level. The comparative political economy of collective skill formation.

Proyecto Investigación

In addition, there is emphasis on utilising existing potential skills in the economy BMBF It is necessary therefore for adequate trained RVA personnel to be trained and employed in assessment centres and educational institutions, social enterprises, workplaces and public employment centres. A number of new countries acknowledged the potential importance of validation and initiated systematic processes during this period. However, the concerns and needs of companies need to be taken into account in RVA.

National level developments — o fi i g the alidatio o?

Multiple responses possible Source: The standards they must meet, the ways their learning is evidenced, the assessment process and the way assessed evidence is validated should all be clear to the candidate if the outcome of the process is to be fair and trusted. Accordingly, legislation exists in a range of relevant legal acts and regulations set in the education and training systems, allowing institutions and government departments to develop a variety of mechanisms and practical arrangements for RVA, depending on the diversity of purposes of RVA and different interests at stake.

It a help i a ious o te ts a d ith diffe e t objectives. Very seldom is a comprehensive and detailed analysis undertaken of the diverse needs and perspectives of local stakeholder groups, such as employers, young people, elected representatives, representatives of training systems, and trade union representatives and how these needs interact with the education, employment and social systems.

Giving responsibility to a specific body assures a certain degree of commitment and peer pressure for the implementation of validation initiatives. The learning system must be receptive, transparent, flexible and demand-led to be able to provide personalised learning approaches.

It is geared at enabling individuals to manage their own careers, articulate their own development needs and build up their own competences. Validation of non-formal and informal learning, prior learning assessment, recognition of prior learning, certification of learning, accreditation and validation of experiential learning, etc.

Falta de mentalidad de sacrificio.

El Proyecto de Investigación – Introducción a la metodología científica

Seeking to overcome this situation, stakeholders in Portugal have initiated a major drive for investment in adult education and training courses, including the establishment of the RVCC and a national qualifications framework. Nordic countries increasingly focused on developing legislation and institutional solutions allowing for validation. They sketch the way forward from the already-growing islands of good practice, to a fully operational national RPL system which includes a vision and a five- year implementation plan.


Validation – an issue of values The acceptance of validation of non-formal and informal learning into national qualification and skill formation systems implies the acceptance of two main values: The result is a tool of the management and planning of similar projects, promoting to strengthen the actions of conservation, use and sustainable management of biodiversity, mangroves, and the adaptive capacity of coastal communities settled in the area.

Raising awareness for making the transition from system level to the user level or training provider level is an important quality issue. Differently from previous initiatives, where validation was treated as a part of broader initiatives, the Recommendation establishes validation as an independent policy instrument, relevant for policy development in a number of areas. For example, they may explain whether RVA forms part of exit-based or entry-based systems.


The recognition of non-formal and informal learning plays an important part in these efforts, particularly because the increases in certification serves the aim of ensuring a better integration of vocational education and training into higher education and better collaboration with key stakeholders to encourage improved transition to work arrangements.

Recognition FO prior learning within formal adult education in Demark. Standardisation is a useful term to understand the invesigacion, processes and outputs underpinning the organization of RVA systems. And this is no different in the present learning society. Although initially the aim was to put in place as the cut-off date, member states considered that more time was needed, as in many instances, the ariaw structures were not ready.

Inthe Council conclusions on the modernisation of higher education also called Member States to develop clear routes proyrcto higher education from vocational and other types of education, as well as mechanisms for recognising prior learning and experience gained outside fidiaw education and training.

RubenssonJarvisVillalbathe Communication emphasised the i po ta e of lea i g th oughout o e s life a d a oss the life spa i fo al, non-formal and informal settings.

This is an important legislative instrument, proyecfo it gave employers an important role in RVA. In Canada, adult educators have been at the forefront of RVA.