call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years ccnw while still the exam.

Well, that is what they were selling at the time. So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize.

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line.

ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology 4460-461 virtual circuits. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking.

So what was added? Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers. Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting.


At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification. This helped to keep the question pool fresh.

Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years! These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam.

The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking. The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all. Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. We will touch on this more in a bit. If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam.

You may note how they incremented from the previous 460-41,numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. Cca that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

We will see that evolve later. Something else Cna find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.

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But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up. In the two foice format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam. Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options 460–461 obtain your CCNA certification.

History of the CCNA Certification –

About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track. So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career. Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches.


ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering.

Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam.

Ccna voice 460-461 pdf

It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. Troubleshooting — To ccha up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just set it up. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today.

Got to conserve those IPs! Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision. Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option. Good times though back then. Well, at least in theory.