Like other Afzelia spp., the wood of Afzelia africana is characterized by an excellent stability with little susceptibility to variations in humidity. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. It is mostly used for its high-grade timber but has good potential to provide. Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d’Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau;.

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You can unsubscribe at anytime. The ash of the bark, prepared with Shea butter as a sfricana, is used as a treatment against lumbago. Root powder is applied externally to treat rheumatism. Fruit ash is applied against leprosy, and as soap substitute.

As for other uses, dried seedpods are used as musical instrument, and the burnt pods are rich in potash and used locally for manufacturing soap. A decoction of the stem bark is used in the treatment of malaria and rheumatism[ ]. Adricana coproduct of oil extraction is a seed cake that can be fed to livestock. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction.

Latitudinal variation in the woody species diversity of afzelia africana sm. As the leaves are rich in nitrogen they are used to enrich the soil[]. Some caution is advised because the seed is poisonous[ ]. The results in terms of body weight gain, and feed intake were hindered by the use of afzelia seed meal.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Requires a sunny position, though young plants can tolerate light shade[].

For seedlings raised in the nursery, holes of 40 cm in diameter and 40 cm deep are usually made. The seeds vary in their sizes, and while smaller seeds tend to affricana more rapidly, the seedlings from larger seeds have higher relative growth rates[ ].


Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Nevertheless direct experiments would be welcome.

Found in the wild in well watered sites with a deep sandy soil, though it can adapt to lateritic soils[]. The crown is large, spreading. Afzelia africana Smith ex Persoon dans le Nord-Cameroun. Kaempferol and its glycosides have antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory activities. This QR Code is unique to this page.

Afzelia africana – Useful Tropical Plants

We are currently updating this section. Tables of chemical aafzelia and nutritional value. Further, the leaves are used to enrich the soil as it is rich in nitrogen.

The wood saws easily when good equipment is used; it contains little silica less than 0. Because of its good resistance to many chemical products and great dimensional stability, it is often preferred to materials like metals and synthetics for africanna and precision equipment in industrial applications.

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Like other Afzelia spp. The tree is not tolerant of fires[ ]. The wood is durable and treatment with afrricana is unnecessary, even for usage in permanent humid conditions or in localities where wood-attacking insects are abundant.

After germination, the seedlings should be planted after months and the young trees should be protected against browsing animals and fires for years. The leaves are alternate, petiolated, paripinnate, up to 30 cm long with pairs of leaflets. This species has been considered vulnerable due to the pressure put by wood exploitation IUCN, The presence of a cyanogenic compound may explain the reputed toxicity of the sfricana.


A plant of the lowland moist tropics where it can be found at elevations up to metres[ ]. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The mean height of seedlings developed from seeds weighing 2—4 g was 57 cm after 13 months, whereas seedlings developed from seeds of less than 2 g reached on average only 37 cm. Experiments showed that flour with potential for use in pastries can be made from the seeds. Plants can tolerate occasional inundation of the soil[ ].

The seeds are dispersed by birds such as hornbills, which feed on the arils.

Saw dust may cause allergic reactions, irritation of mucous membranes and asthma in wood workers. They should be sown no deeper than 2 cm with hilum facing downwards. The shrinkage rates are low, from green to oven dry 2. Afzelia africana leaves, fruits and seeds are browsed by wildlife animals, many parts of the tree are edible. Toxicological studies of the oil showed no detectable toxins.

Habitats in West Africa. Logs may have crevices filled with a whitish powdery substance originating from the wood vessels; the substance consists of kaempferol and derivatives. Council, Abuja, Nigeria, p. Right plant wrong place. The wood has a good reputation for its resistance to acids and alkalines.

Afzelia africana African Mahogany PFAF Plant Database

Onana, J; Devineau, J-L. Semi-deciduous forest and savannahs to the southern border of the Sahel. Habitats Humid and dry forests, tree savannahs, forest galleries[ ]. This page was last modified on 23 Marchat